Poland has been a strong NATO Ally since its accession to the Alliance in 1999 and is a linchpin of Eastern Flank security. Poland is committed to burden sharing and meets its Wales commitments to spend two percent of its gross domestic product (GDP) on defense and invest 20 percent of its defense budget in major equipment. The Polish government has further pledged to raise that threshold to 2.5 percent by 2030.
Poland is a serious partner in the task of military modernization. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Poland is divesting itself of legacy Soviet equipment while procuring modern U.S. defense systems. Poland has undertaken an ambitious multi-year, multi-billion-dollar defense modernization program that includes purchases from the United States. In March 2018, Poland signed a contract worth nearly $5 billion for the Patriot air and missile defense system. Poland is also procuring the High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS), worth $411 million, which will improve its indirect fire capabilities. Poland is considering purchasing 32 F-35A Lightning II Joint Strike Fighters plus services and support worth ~$4.5 billion under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program overseen by the U.S. Department of State. This procurement will help Poland replace its fleet of aging MiG-29 and Su-22 aircraft.
Currently, the U.S. has $10.52 billion in active government-to-government sales cases with Poland under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) system. FMS cases notified to Congress are listed here, and recent and significant sales include: the F-35, the HIMARS, F-16 follow-on support, AIM-120C-7 Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missiles (AMRAAM), and the Integrated Air and Missile (IAMD) Battle Command System (IBCS)-enabled Patriot Configuration-3+ with Modernized Sensors and Components.
From CY 2010 through CY 2018, the U.S. has also authorized the permanent export of over $1.8 billion in defense articles to Poland via the Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) process. The top categories of DCS to Poland were aircraft ($780 million); electronics ($277 million); and gas turbine engines ($260 million).
Poland is a crucial strategic ally in Central Europe and cooperates with the United States in international fora to promote stability and security in the region. To Poland’s east, Russia continues to engage in frequent malign influence activities and hybrid threats, including cyber, and use unconventional tactics to undermine our collective security. Countering hybrid threats and proactively enhancing resilience of key infrastructure and critical sectors is a top Alliance priority.
Together, the United States and Poland maintain pressure on Russia, which continues to undermine the rules-based international order. For example, the United States leads the enhanced Forward Presence battle group in Poland and deploys a rotational Armored Brigade Combat Team under Operation Atlantic Resolve, funded through the European Deterrence Initiative. Currently, approximately 4,500 U.S. personnel are on rotation in Poland. This year, President Trump and Polish President Andrzej Duda signed two joint declarations that listed planned locations for enhanced U.S. military presence in Poland and affirmed a mutual commitment to conclude agreements on defense cooperation and infrastructure to streamline the functioning of U.S. forces in Poland.
For further information, please contact the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Office of Congressional and Public Affairs at PM-CPA@state.gov, and follow the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs on Twitter, @StateDeptPM.